Grow Vegetables

This alphabetical vegetable list gives general cultivation, growing and harvesting information along with a handy tips for success.

Most vegetables are easy to grow and most can be grown in containers.

And there is just no beating their taste.

Straight from the garden into the kitchen and on to the plate, there is just nothing better.

Vegetables you grow yourself even look better, they look more appetizing than shop vegetables and you know they are fresh.

You also know they are not covered in chemicals and pesticides.

Altogether your home grown vegetables are simply the best.

So use this huge Alphabetical Vegetable List to see how to grow and harvest your very own tasty vegetables:

Vegetable List “A”

Artichoke – Globe

  • Easy to grow from seed or young plants.
  • Takes two years to mature from seed.
  • Young plants mature the same year as planted.
  • Needs plenty of manure every year in spring.
  • Will crop every year.
  • Plant in full sun but shelter from cold winds.
  • Water well in summer.
  • Mulch with bark or similar in winter.
  • Varieties to try: Green Globe, Violetta di Chioggia.

Asparagus

  • Can be grown from seed or young plants.
  • Takes three years to mature from seed.
  • Young plants mature same year as planted.
  • Requires looking after time throughout growing season.
  • Needs lots of space, not suitable for small garden or containers.
  • Needs lost of manure every spring.
  • Plant in full sun but shelter from cold winds.
  • Does not like clay soil.
  • Soil must be very free draining.
  • Will crop every year for at least twenty years.
  • Varieties to try: Jersey Giant, Jersey Knight Improved.

Aubergine

  • Easy to grow from seed or young plants.
  • Needs full sun and warmth.
  • Best grown in containers in greenhouse or conservatory.
  • Keep well watered in growing season.
  • Feed twice a week.
  • Varieties to try: Violetta Lunga, Moneymaker.

Vegetable List “B”

Broad Beans

  • Easy to grow from seed or young plants.
  • Needs fertile, well drained soil for best results.
  • Grow in full sun.
  • When plants are flowering pinch out the top 10cm (4inch) of the leading shoot.
  • Water well during flowering and bean growing periods.
  • Feed regularly throughout growing period.
  • Sow/plant in either single or double rows.
  • Double rows normally produce the biggest crop.
  • Needs support, canes or netting.
  • Harvest as soon as possible, this will maintain a continuous supply of beans.
  • Varieties to try: Aquadulce, Jubilee Hysor, The Sutton.

French Beans

  • Easy to grow from seed or young plants.
  • Needs fertile, well drained soil for best results.
  • Do not plant out until all risk of frost has gone.
  • Grow in full sun.
  • Water well during flowering and bean growing periods.
  • Feed regularly throughout growing period.
  • Sow/plant in either single or double rows.
  • Double rows normally produce the biggest crop.
  • Needs support, canes or netting.
  • Harvest as soon as possible, this will maintain a continuous supply of beans.
  • Varieties to try: Cobra, Fasold, Delinel.

Runner Beans

  • Easy to grow from seed or young plants.
  • Needs fertile, well drained soil for best results.
  • Do not plant out until all risk of frost has gone.
  • Grow in full sun.
  • Water well during flowering and bean growing periods.
  • Feed regularly throughout growing period.
  • Sow/plant in either single or double rows.
  • Double rows normally produce the biggest crop.
  • Needs support, canes or netting.
  • Harvest as soon as possible, this will maintain a continuous supply of beans.

Beet – Leaf

  • Easy to grow from seed or young plants.
  • Needs fertile, well drained soil for best results.
  • Grow in full sun.
  • Water well during flowering and bean growing periods.
  • Feed regularly throughout growing period.
  • Harvest outer leaves as soon as they are large enough to handle, this will encourage. continuous growth through to next year.
  • Varieties to try: Bright Lights, Rhubard Chard.

Beetroot

  • Easy to grow from seed.
  • Sow in succession from April to June for continues supply.
  • Needs well drained soil.
  • Do not grow in newly manured soil.
  • Water well in growing periods.
  • Feed regularly throughout growing period.
  • Harvest as soon as mature do not leave in ground too long as the will go to seed.
  • Will store well in dry sand or peat in dry, dark, frost free place.
  • Varieties to try: Kestrel, Red Ace, Solo.

Broccoli

  • Fairly easy to grow from seed or young plants.
  • Needs fertile, well drained soil for best results.
  • Grow in full sun.
  • Water well during growing periods.
  • Feed regularly throughout growing period.
  • Harvest central flower heads as they mature and leave plant to produce more flower heads.
  • Varieties to try: Autumn Spear, Green Magic, Redhead.

Brussels Sprouts

  • Fairly easy to grow from seed or young plants.
  • Needs fertile, well drained soil for best results.
  • Grow in full sun.
  • Needs shelter from cold winds.
  • Water well during growing periods.
  • Feed regularly throughout growing period.
  • Harvest as sprouts mature.
  • Varieties to try: Crispus, Revenge, Wellington.

Vegetable List “C”

Chinese Cabbage

  • Easy to grow from seed.
  • Needs fertile, well drained soil for best results.
  • Water well during growing periods.
  • Feed regularly throughout growing period.
  • Harvest by cutting just above soil level and before seed stalks appear.
  • Varieties to try: Candisa, Minicole, Greyhound.

Cabbage – Spring

  • Fairly easy to grow from seed or young plants.
  • Grow in full sun.
  • Needs fertile, well drained soil for best results.
  • Water well during growing periods.
  • Feed regularly throughout growing period.
  • Harvest by cutting just above soil level as heads mature.
  • Varieties to try: April, Durham Early, Tarvoy.

Cabbage – Summer

  • Fairly easy to grow from seed or young plants.
  • Grow in full sun.
  • Needs fertile, well drained soil for best results.
  • Water well during growing periods.
  • Feed regularly throughout growing period.
  • Harvest by cutting just above soil level as heads mature.
  • Varieties to try: Greyhound, Hispi F1, Red Jewel F1.

Cabbage – Winter

  • Fairly easy to grow from seed or young plants.
  • Grow in full sun.
  • Needs fertile, well drained soil for best results.
  • Water well during growing periods.
  • Feed regularly throughout growing period.
  • Varieties to try: Brigadier F1, Tundra, Tarvoy.

Calabrese

  • Easy to grow from seeds or young plants.
  • Does not like root disturbance, sow seeds in peat pots or modules.
  • Grow in full sun.
  • Shelter from cold winds.
  • Harvest central head first leaving side shoots for second crop.
  • Varieties to try: Sakura Speedy.

Carrots

  • Easy to grow from seed.
  • Sow in succession, every two or three weeks.
  • Long varieties need a deeply dug soil.
  • Short varieties will grow in a shallow soil.
  • Choose the sunniest spot.
  • Shelter from cold winds.
  • Water well in growing season.
  • Feed regularly throughout growing period.
  • Harvest as soon as they are big enough to handle.
  • Varieties to try: Early Nantes, Mokum F1, Flyaway F1.
  • Mokum F1 are ideal for growing in containers.

Cauliflower

  • Easy to grow from seed and young plants.
  • Requires deeply dug and fertile soil.
  • Choose the sunniest spot.
  • Shelter from cold winds.
  • Avoid frost pockets for autumn, fall, and winter varieties.
  • Water well in growing season.
  • Feed regularly throughout growing period.
  • Harvest as soon they mature.
  • Varieties to try: All-the-Year-Round, Autumn Giant, Gipsy F1, Kilaton F1, Winter Aalsmeer.

Celeriac

  • Not so easy to grow from seed.
  • Start seeds indoors.
  • Do not grow on newly manured soil.
  • Apply manure to the soil year before growing.
  • Soil should be free draining.
  • Choose the sunniest spot.
  • Shelter from cold winds.
  • Avoid frost pockets for autumn, fall, and winter varieties.
  • Water well in growing season.
  • Feed regularly throughout growing period.
  • Earth up around the plants the plants as they grow.
  • Harvest as soon they mature.
  • Varieties to try: Monarch.

Celery

  • Easy to grow from seed.
  • Requires a rich well drained soil.
  • Growing in trenches is easiest way to blanch plants.
  • Fill trench to cover plant stems as they grow.
  • Choose the sunniest spot.
  • Shelter from cold winds.
  • Water well in growing season.
  • Feed regularly throughout growing period.
  • Harvest as soon they mature.
  • Varieties to try: Galaxy, Green Utah.

Chicory

  • Fairly easy to grow from seed.
  • Requires deep dug soil.
  • Requires a well drained soil.
  • Soil should retain moisture.
  • Soil should be well manured previous autumn, fall.
  • Choose the sunniest spot.
  • Shelter from cold winds.
  • Water well in growing season do not let them dry out.
  • Feed regularly throughout growing period.
  • Harvest as soon they mature.
  • Varieties to try: Apollo, Monarch.
  • Apollo suitable for growing in containers.

Courgette

  • Fairly easy to grow from seed.
  • Sow two seeds side by side.
  • After germination remove the weakest one.
  • Requires a well drained soil.
  • Soil should be manured the previous autumn, fall.
  • Sprinkle a general fertiliser two weeks before sowing seeds.
  • Choose the sunniest spot.
  • Shelter from cold winds.
  • Water well in growing season do not let them dry out.
  • Feed regularly throughout growing period.
  • Harvest on a regular basis as soon they mature to ensure a heavy crop.
  • Varieties to try: All green Bush, El Greco F1, Solell F1.

Cucumber

Indoor

  • Fairly easy to grow from seed.
  • Sow two seeds in a pot and place in a heated propagator.
  • After germination remove the weakest one.
  • Transplant into grow bags or large pots.
  • Keep in greenhouse.
  • Support with canes and tie in as they grow.
  • When plants have six leaves pinch out the growing tip.
  • Keep compost moist but not saturated.
  • Feed regularly every week.
  • Harvest as soon they mature.
  • Varieties to try: Carmen, Tiffany.

Outdoor

  • Fairly easy to grow from seed or young plants.
  • Requires deep dug soil.
  • Requires well manured soil.
  • Best results obtained from raised beds.
  • Choose the sunniest spot.
  • Shelter from cold winds.
  • Sow two seeds in pots indoors.
  • After germination remove the weakest one.
  • Transplant into garden after hardening off and all risk of frost has gone.
  • Support not required but allow enough room between each plant so they can trail.
  • Keep well watered.
  • Feed regularly every week.
  • Harvest as soon they mature.
  • Varieties to try: Burpless Tasty Green F1, Swing F1.

Vegetable List “E”

Endive

  • Fairly easy to grow from seed.
  • Requires well manured soil.
  • Soil must be free draining.
  • Choose the sunniest spot.
  • Shelter from cold winds.
  • Keep well watered.
  • Feed regularly every week with a general fertiliser.
  • Harvest as soon they mature.
  • Varieties to try: Escarole Alaska.
  • Suitable for container growing.

Vegetable List “G”

Garlic

  • Easy to grow from cloves.
  • Requires deep and well dug soil.
  • Requires well manured soil.
  • Soil must be free draining.
  • Choose the sunniest spot.
  • Shelter from cold winds.
  • Keep well watered.
  • Feed regularly every week with a general fertiliser.
  • Harvest as soon they mature when top leaves turn yellow or brown.
  • Varieties to try: Arno, Solent Wight.

Vegetable List “K”

Kale

  • Easy to grow from seed.
  • Add manure to the soil the autumn, fall, before growing.
  • Soil must be free draining.
  • Choose the sunniest spot.
  • Shelter from cold winds.
  • Keep well watered.
  • Feed regularly every week with a general fertiliser.
  • Remove yellowing leaves.
  • Harvest only as required, Kale will not store well.
  • Varieties to try: Dwarf Green Curled, Scarlet, Walking Stick.

Kohl Rabi

  • Fairly easy to grow from seed.
  • Requires a well manured soil.
  • Soil must be free draining.
  • Choose the sunniest spot.
  • Shelter from cold winds.
  • Sprinkle a general fertilizer on soil a week before sowing seeds.
  • Keep well watered.
  • Feed regularly every week with a general fertiliser.
  • Harvest only as required, Kale will not store well.
  • Varieties to try: Kolibri F1, Purple Danube F1.

Vegetable List “L”

Leek

  • Fairly easy to grow from seed and young plants.
  • Requires a deep dug soil.
  • Dig in plenty of manure the winter before sowing seeds or planting young plants.
  • Soil must be free draining.
  • Choose the sunniest spot.
  • Shelter from cold winds.
  • Sprinkle a general fertilizer on soil a week before planting.
  • Sowing seeds direct in soil is easier and gives best results.
  • Sow seeds in trench and draw soil around stems as plants grow.
  • Plant young plants in trench or deepish holes, draw soil around stems as plants grow.
  • Keep well watered.
  • Will benefit from a mulch in dry weather.
  • Feed regularly every week with a general fertiliser.
  • Harvest as they mature, lift carefully with a fork, do not disturb adjacent plants.
  • Varieties to try: Carlton F1, Probella, Winter Atlanta.

Lettuce

  • Fairly easy to grow from seed and young plants.
  • Sow seeds in succession every two weeks.
  • Requires a deep dug soil.
  • Dig in plenty of manure the winter before sowing seeds or planting young plants.
  • Soil must be free draining.
  • Soil needs to able to retain moisture.
  • Choose a shaded spot.
  • Shelter from cold winds.
  • Sprinkle a general fertiliser on soil a week before planting.
  • Keep well watered.
  • Feed regularly every week with a general fertiliser.
  • Harvest as they mature.
  • Varieties to try: All The Year Round, Cassandra, Tom Thumb, Little Gem, Winter Gem.
  • Most varieties suitable for container growing.

Vegetable List “M”

Marrow

  • Fairly easy to grow from seed and young plants.
  • Requires a deep dug soil.
  • Dig in plenty of manure the winter before sowing seeds or planting young plants.
  • Soil must be free draining.
  • Soil needs to able to retain moisture.
  • Requires full sun.
  • Shelter from cold winds.
  • Sprinkle a general fertilizer on soil a week before planting.
  • Keep well watered.
  • Feed regularly every week with a general fertiliser.
  • Harvest as they mature, marrow loose flavour if left to long on the plant.
  • Varieties to try: tiger Cross F1, Long Green Bush.

Vegetable List “O”

Onion

  • Easy to grow from seed or sets.
  • Requires a deep dug soil.
  • Dig in plenty of manure the winter before sowing seeds or planting young plants.
  • Soil must be free draining.
  • Soil needs to able to retain moisture.
  • Soil should be raked to fine tilth before sowing seeds or planting sets.
  • Requires full sun.
  • Shelter from cold winds.
  • Sprinkle a general fertiliser on soil a week before sowing seeds or planting young plants.
  • Keep well watered.
  • Feed regularly every week with a general fertiliser.
  • Harvest as they mature.
  • Varieties to try: Ailsa Craig, stanfield, Supasweet F1.
  • Many varieties are suitable for container growing.

Vegetable List “P”

Parsnip

  • Easy to grow from seed.
  • Requires a deep dug soil free of stones.
  • Dig in plenty of manure the winter before sowing seeds.
  • Soil must be free draining.
  • Soil needs to able to retain moisture.
  • Requires full sun.
  • Shelter from cold winds.
  • Keep well watered.
  • Feed regularly every week with a general fertiliser.
  • Harvest as they mature.
  • Leave in ground until required rather than store.
  • Varieties to try: Gladiator F1, Tender and True, White Gem.
  • White Gem are suitable for growing in containers.

Peas

  • Easy to grow from seed.
  • Only sow seeds in dry warm weather, if soil is too wet and cold they will rot.
  • Sow seeds in succession every two weeks.
  • Requires a deep dug soil.
  • Dig in plenty of manure the winter before sowing seeds or planting young plants.
  • Soil must be free draining.
  • Soil needs to able to retain moisture.
  • Requires full sun.
  • Best sown in trench 5cm (12 inches) deep.
  • Plants will need support as they grow.
  • Shelter from cold winds.
  • Sprinkle a general fertiliser on soil a week before sowing seeds.
  • Keep well watered.
  • Feed regularly every week with a general fertiliser.
  • Harvest as they mature.
  • Varieties to try: Ambassador, Kelvedon Wonder, Meteor.

Pepper

  • Easy to grow from seed.
  • Best grown in containers.
  • Sow seeds in pots and place in heated propagator.
  • When seedlings large enough to handle transplant into your containers.
  • Use potting compost, do not use garden soil in containers.
  • Ensure container is free draining.
  • Compost should retain moisture.
  • Requires full sun.
  • Shelter from cold winds.
  • Usually grows best on sheltered sunny patio than in a greenhouse.
  • Feed every week during growing season with a general liquid fertiliser.
  • Keep well watered.
  • Harvest as they mature.
  • Varieties to try: Gypsy F1, Mohawk F1, Redskin F1.

Potato

  • Easy to grow from seed potatoes.
  • Chit seeds before planting.
  • Requires a deep dug soil.
  • Dig in plenty of manure the winter before sowing seed potatoes.
  • Soil must be free draining.
  • Soil needs to be able to retain moisture.
  • Sow in trench 15cm (six inches) deep.
  • Requires full sun.
  • Avoid frost pockets.
  • Shelter from cold winds.
  • Sprinkle a general fertiliser on soil a week before sowing.
  • Keep well watered.
  • Feed regularly every week with a general fertiliser.
  • Earth up (draw soil around) plants as they grow.
  • Harvest as the flowers fully open.
  • Only harvest as required.
  • Varieties to try: First Earlies – Maris Bard, Rocket, Second Earlies – Estima, Nadine, Maris Peer.
  • Main Crop – Maris Piper, King Edward, Romano.

Vegetable List “R”

Radish

  • Easy to grow from seed.
  • Dig in plenty of manure the winter before sowing seeds or planting young plants.
  • Requires shelter from mid-summer sun.
  • Shelter from cold winds.
  • Feed every week during growing season with a general liquid fertiliser.
  • Keep well watered.
  • Harvest as they mature.
  • Varieties to try: Flamboyant Sabina, Rougette, Sparkler.
  • Ideal for growing in containers.

Rhubarb

  • Easy to grow from seed or young plants.
  • Young plants are easier and quicker than seed.
  • Requires a deep dug soil to a depth of 60cm (24 inches).
  • Dig in plenty of manure one month before planting.
  • Plant will remain in same position for ten years or more.
  • Will not tolerate root disturbance, so do not move once established.
  • Soil must be free draining.
  • Soil needs to able to retain moisture.
  • Plant in the sunniest position.
  • Shelter from cold winds.
  • Keep well watered.
  • Feed regularly every week with a general fertiliser.
  • Harvest as stems mature.
  • Varieties to try: Glaskins Perpetual, Stockbridge Arrow, Victoria.

Vegetable List “S”

Salsify

  • Easy to grow from seed.
  • Requires a deep dug soil free of stones.
  • Dig in plenty of manure the winter before sowing seeds.
  • Soil must be free draining.
  • Soil needs to be able to retain moisture.
  • Requires full sun.
  • Shelter from cold winds.
  • Keep well watered.
  • Feed regularly every week with a general fertiliser.
  • Harvest as they mature.
  • Varieties to try: Salsify Giant.

Shallot

  • Easy to grow from seed or sets
  • Easiest and quickest to grow from sets
  • Dig in plenty of manure the winter before sowing seeds or planting young plants
  • Soil must be free draining
  • Soil needs to able to retain moisture
  • Soil should be raked to fine tilth before sowing seeds or planting sets
  • Requires full sun
  • Shelter from cold winds.
  • Sprinkle a general fertiliser on soil a week before planting.
  • Keep well watered.
  • Feed regularly every week with a general fertiliser.
  • Harvest as they mature.
  • Varieties to try: Delved-French, Golden Gourmet, Red Gourmet.

Spinach

  • Easy to grow from seed or young plants.
  • Easiest and quickest to grow from sets.
  • Requires deep dug soil to a depth of 30cm (12 inches).
  • Dig in plenty of manure the winter before sowing seeds or planting young plants.
  • Soil must be free draining.
  • Soil needs to be able to retain moisture.
  • Requires full sun.
  • Shelter from cold winds.
  • Sprinkle a general fertiliser on soil a week before planting.
  • Keep well watered.
  • Feed regularly every week with a general fertiliser.
  • Harvest leaves as they mature.
  • Varieties to try: Medania, Perpetual, Scenic F1.

Swede

  • Easy to grow from seed.
  • Requires deep dug soil.
  • Dig in plenty of manure the autumn, fall before sowing seeds or planting young plants.
  • Soil must be free draining.
  • Soil needs to be able to retain moisture.
  • Requires full sun.
  • Shelter from cold winds.
  • Sprinkle a general fertiliser on soil a week before planting.
  • Keep well watered.
  • Feed regularly every two weeks with a general fertiliser.
  • Harvest as they mature.
  • Varieties to try: Brora, Invitation,Virtue.

Sweet Corn

  • Easy to grow from seed or young plants.
  • Requires deep dug soil.
  • Dig in plenty of manure the autumn, fall before sowing seeds or planting young plants.
  • Soil must be free draining.
  • Soil needs to be able to retain moisture.
  • Choose the sunniest position.
  • Shelter from cold and strong winds.
  • Sprinkle a general fertiliser on soil a week before planting.
  • Plant them in blocks for best results.
  • Keep well watered.
  • Feed regularly every two weeks with a general fertiliser.
  • Harvest as they mature.
  • Varieties to try: Butterscotch F1, Extra Tender And Sweet F1, Lark F1.

Vegetable List “T”

Tomato

Indoor

  • Easy to grow from seed and young plants.
  • Grow in grow bags or containers.
  • Use potting compost, do not use garden soil in containers.
  • Grow bags and containers should be free draining.
  • Compost needs to retain moisture.
  • Requires full sun.
  • Shelter from cold drafts.
  • Keep well watered.
  • Feed regularly every week with a general fertiliser.
  • Harvest as they mature.
  • Varieties to try: Country Taste, Sungold, Tamina.

Outdoor

  • Easy to grow from seed and young plants.
  • Ideal growing position against south facing fence or wall.
  • Dig in plenty of manure the autumn, fall before sowing seeds or planting young plants.
  • Soil must be free draining.
  • Soil needs to be able to retain moisture.
  • Requires full sun.
  • Shelter from cold winds.
  • Sprinkle a general fertiliser on soil a week before planting.
  • Keep well watered.
  • Feed regularly every week with a general fertiliser.
  • Harvest as they mature.
  • Varieties to try: Ailsa Craig, Alicante, Moneymaker.

Turnip

  • Easy to grow from seed.
  • Dig in plenty of manure the autumn, fall before sowing seeds or planting young plants.
  • Soil must be free draining.
  • Soil needs to be able to retain moisture.
  • Requires full sun.
  • Shelter from cold winds.
  • Sprinkle a general fertiliser on soil a week before planting.
  • Keep well watered.
  • Feed regularly every week with a general fertiliser.
  • Harvest as they mature.
  • Varieties to try: Golden Ball, Snowball, Top Milan.